Ano
2014

Autores
Rocha, G. J. M., Nascimento, V. M., da Silva, V. F. N., Corso, D. L. S., & Gonçalves, A. R.

Contributing to the environmental sustainability of the second generation ethanol production: delignification of sugarcane bagasse with sodium hydroxide recycling



Referência Bibliográfica: Rocha, G. J. M., Nascimento, V. M., da Silva, V. F. N., Corso, D. L. S., & Gonçalves, A. R. (2014). Contributing to the environmental sustainability of the second generation ethanol production: delignification of sugarcane bagasse with sodium hydroxide recycling. Industrial Crops and Products, 59, 63-68.

Periódico: Industrial Crops and Products
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.05.002

Resumo: A process able to perform the complete separation of the sugarcane bagasse components, making them useful for specific purposes with low water and reactant consumption is environmental and economically desirable. In this work we evaluated the pH influence on alkaline delignification of pretreated sugarcane bagasse by steam explosion, in a pilot plant, recycling the black liquor for cellulosic pulp obtainment, focused on second generation ethanol production. The black liquor was recycled four times with no pH adjustment (Series A) and for 11 times adjusting the pH (Series B). In Series A experiments lignin was not entirely removed after the third recycling reaction. NaOH can be recycled as black liquor but it is essential to maintain the pH in 13.3–12.6 range before each new delignification cycle (Series B). The reduction in water consumption can reach 65% considering the volume of black liquor produced by lignin amount recovered. The quality of the cellulosic pulp produced is not changed significantly after each reaction, making it suitable for second generation ethanol production. Preliminary calculations showed that 38% of the NaOH used can be saved, contributing to a better life cycle for this process.